Table of Contents

1  Introduction

2  Lifestages of the Codling Moth

2.1  Egg

2.2  Larva

2.3  Cocoon

2.4  Pupa

2.5  Adult

3  Horticultural Practice

3.1  Egg

3.1.1  Trichogramma Wasp

3.1.2  Granulovirus

3.1.3  Chemical Control

3.1.4  Horticultural Oil

3.2  Larva

3.2.1  Maggot Barriers

3.2.2  Chemical Control

3.2.3  Horticultural Oil

3.2.4  Manual Removal of Infested Fruit

3.2.5  Livestock

3.2.6  Disposal of Falls

3.3  Cocoon

3.3.1  Cardboard Bands

3.3.2  Wildlife

3.4  Pupa

3.5  Adult

3.5.1  Mating Disruption

3.5.2  Particle Film

3.5.3  Wildlife

3.5.4  Vinegar Trap

4  Weather

4.1  Phenology

4.2  Growing Degree-Days

4.3  Growing Degree-Day Table

4.4  Parameters of the Codling Moth Model

4.5  Biofix

4.6  Critical Insect Development Stages

4.7  Tracking Growing Degree-Days

4.8  Reasoning Behind the Growing Degree-Day Approximation

4.8.1  Raw Data

4.8.2  Daily Average Temperature

4.8.3  Variability

4.8.4  Methods of Calculation

4.8.4.1  Single Sine

4.8.4.2  Cutoff

4.9  What Can Go Wrong

4.9.1  Microclimate

4.9.2  Miscalibration

4.9.3  Fuzzy Biofix

5  Chemical Control

5.1  Author's Apology

5.2  Under-Egg Ovicides

5.2.1  Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs)

5.3  Over-Egg Ovicides and Larvicides

5.3.1  Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs)

5.3.2  Neonicitinoids

5.3.3  Diamide

5.3.4  Pre-mixes

5.4  Larvicides

5.4.1  Application

5.4.1.1  Delayed Application

5.4.1.2  Advanced Application

5.4.2  Organophosphates (OPs)

5.4.3  Spinosyn

5.4.4  Oxydiazine

5.4.5  Carbaryl

6  Software Extension for weeWX

6.1  Sample Output

6.2  "cydia" Installation

6.3  About Skin Configuration

6.4  "cydia" De-installation

6.5  "cydiagenerator" Script

6.6  "dd_table" Script

6.7  "C_pomonella_First_Flight.html" Template

6.8  "C_pomonella_Second_Flight.html" Template

6.9  "NOAA_YYYY.csv" Template

6.10  "cydia.css" Style Sheet

6.11  "skin.conf.cydia" As-Distributed Configuration

6.12  "skin.conf.cydia.diff" As-Distributed Configuration

6.13  "radar.inc.cydia" As-Distributed Configuration

6.14  "radar.inc.cydia.diff" As-Distributed Configuration